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Turning organic waste into a usable material that is helpful to the environment is one of the great things about composting. Compost is organic waste that has been fully decomposed; once it is decomposed it can be used for fertilizer or even pesticide. Compost is full of extremely rich nutrients and enriches the soil or ground it is used on. While enriching the ground, it promotes growth and makes vegetation grow in a much healthier and even faster manner.
Waste management services gather any and all organic waste they may have to send to composting facilities. Once sent to these facilities, the organic waste goes through the process of decomposition, which is sped along by certain techniques. There are four main ingredients that are needed in the composting process: nitrogen, carbon, oxygen, and water. All of these components are needed to make sure the process works properly and the waste does not dry out too much or yield a less than desirable result. First of all, there is the nitrogen which promotes the decomposition of the organic waste. Then there is both oxygen and carbon which mix together and produce heat. This heat also helps quicken the decomposition process. Lastly there is water. There has to be enough water to help the waste decay, but not too much that it completely cuts the waste off from the other components, such as oxygen.
Where Can You Get Organic Waste to Compost?
You can find organic waste in a variety of different places, sometimes in institutional facilities and other times in commercial facilities. First, let’s talk about institutional facilities. In these types of locations there are many different places where organic waste can be picked up from. A few different examples of institutional facilities are:
* Industrial and government cafeterias
* School cafeterias
* Jails and prisons
* Other events such as sport games, fairs, carnivals, etc.
Then there are commercial places of work and facilities. There they have commercial composting. This includes larger municipal facilities. Examples of organic wastes that come out of these commercial composting facilities are animal manure, wastewater, water sludge, food waste, and even cotton trash. There are many different types of technologies that are used to compost these materials and they all work in slightly different ways, for more information, continue reading the following section.
Different Technologies used to Compost Organic Materials
Windrows are not like the typical composting bins that people expect. When composting by windrows, you simply make long narrow rows of the debris. This takes up a lot of land so you are going to need to make sure you have space for this. These rows will typically need to be turned on a regular basis to keep the debris from decaying uniformly. What is great about windrows is that they are in the open air which allows for air to aerate them on a constant basis.
Questions about Windrows:
Why must the materials or rows be turned on a regular basis?
* By turning or aerating the windrows, you are actually releasing any gasses or extra heat that has gotten trapped inside of them.
* Also, inside of the windrow (or long narrow row of debris), oxygen quickly depletes. Because of this, they have to be constantly turned to keep the four different components of the composting process functioning properly.
This form of composting is much preferable for many people. That is because the waste is all contained inside of a receptacle or container. This makes it easier to handle because the smell is not as pungent. There are also some pluses about in-vessel composting, such as the fact that there is automatic turning in the machine, so you don’t have to take the time to turn the compost. This automated turning mechanism also helps with speed up the overall process of the decaying, leading to faster results.
Overall, waste management services and waste removal companies made a large effort to get the most of their organic waste to composting stations and facilities. It not only is great for agriculture, but it is also great as it does not end up in landfills, incinerators, or as litter.
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